English vocabulary: Week-2

Hey there! 안녕! Salam! سلام ! 安宁!  Привет! Oi! Сайн yy! こんにちは

NEW FEATURE! I will add “Tip” section to some words, to add additional information about the word.

example:

Word: Look

Synonym: see; watch.

Example: Look at the moon! it’s beautiful, just like you!

Tip: When we add (-ing forward, out, up or after) after the word “look”, it gets a different meaning. Look after = take care of. Looking forward = hoping. Look up = search (in a book or on the internet). Look out = be careful.

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Remember:

1- Search for more examples to understand the word.

2- If you get full score 3 times, you will receive a book that will help you study TOEFL vocabulary.

3- When you answer the quiz, please write a different synonym and a different example.

4- Sometimes I write difficult examples, to diversify difficulty level. << Wait, what does “diversify” mean? << It’s in this week’s vocabulary! ^^

5- Don’t struggle alone. If you feel confused please tell me. 제가 돕고 싶으니까 confused으면 연락하세요.

6- n. = noun; adj.=adjective; V1= Present; V2= Past; V3= Past participle.

 

______________ Week 2 vocabulary: ______________ 

Audio file: http://j.mp/suhail_q2 (Sorry for the quality ^^” ).

1- Impact (n.): A strong effect or influence.

Tip: This word is usually followed by “on” or “of”. (i.e. “impact of” or “imapct on”).

Examples: 1) K-pop has an impact on the number of Korean language students. 2) The impact of K-pop on Korean language students is noticeable.

2- Adapt (v): to adjust to the circumstances/conditions; to get used to a new environment; to make (something) suitable for a new purpose or usage.  (V1: adapt. V2 & V3: adapted).

Tip: This word is usually followed by “to” then the condition/environment..etc.

Examples: 1) Foreign workers have to adapt to the fast-paced Korean lifestyle. 2) I adapted the quiz for my friends’ level.

3- Diverse (adj.): various; showing a lot of differences within a group.

n. = Diversity

v. = Diversify

Examples: 1)Our company has a culturally diverse team; it includes many nationalities and different backgrounds. 2) Diversity stimulates creativity.

4- Often: frequently; many times.

Tips: 1) “Often” is used in British English more than American English. However, both use it. 2) Sometimes, “quite” is used before “often”. “quite often” = ” very often”. 3) The letter “t” in “often” is silent in American English, but spoken in British English.

Examples: 1) We often meet after work. 2) My friend travels more often than me.

5- Feature (n.): characteristic; something special.

Tips: 1)“feature” is always used positively. 2) “feature”  is often followed by “of”.

Example: The best feature of this car is its heated seats.

6- process (n. + v.): prepare; a series of steps/operations leading to a result. (v1. Process; v2.&v3. Processed).

Tip: Do you know the “processor” in your computers? It literally means the device which processes the data and commands in your computer.

Examples: 1) Learning a new language is a long process. 2) Your order is being processed. It did not finish yet. 3) This computer has a fast processor!

7- constraint (n.): limitation; something that restricts an action.

v. = Constrain (v2. & v3. constrained).

Examples: 1) One of the biggest constraints of learning a new language is the different grammar. 2) My busy schedule constrains me from participating.

8- Catastrophic (adj.): disastrous; extremely harmful.

n. = Catastrophe.

Tip: It is always used negatively.

Examples: 1) The financial crisis had catastrophic effect on the world’s economy. 2) Criticizing her make-up was completely catastrophic for our relationship =_=.

9-maximize (v.): to increase or make (something) as much as possible (v2. & v3. Maximized ).

n. = Maximization.

Tips: 1)”Maximization” is the action of increasing something as much as possible, and “Maximum” is the highest/greatest value. 2) The word “maximum” is abbreviated as “max.”. 

Examples: 1)  Teacher: Maximize your reading speed! Student: I can’t! This is my maximum speed!! 2) Client: What is the maximum speed of this car?  Salesperson: You can drive up to 200 kilometers per hour!

10- Minimize (v.): to decrease or make (something) as low as possible (v2. & v3. Minimized). 

n. – Minimization.

Tips: 1)”Minimization” is the action of decreasing something as much as possible, and “Minimum” is the lowest/weakest value. 2) The word “minimum” is abbreviated as “min.”.

Example: 1) To improve your abilities, maximize your strength and minimize your weakness. 2) Because it is the end of the month.. I don’t have money but I want to go shopping! ㅠㅠ Therefore, I have to keep my spending to a minimum.

_____________끝_______________

Have an awesome weekend!

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